The IRS has reminded taxpayers who pay estimated taxes that the deadline to submit their third quarter estimated tax payments is September 15, 2022. The fourth and final estimated tax payment for tax year 2022 is due January 17, 2023. Taxpayers not subject to withholding, such as those who are self-employed, investors, or retirees, may need to make quarterly estimated tax payments. Taxpayers with other income not subject to withholding, including interest, dividends, capital gains, alimony, cryptocurrency, and rental income, also normally need to make estimated tax payments.
In most cases, individual taxpayers need to make estimated tax payments if they expect their tax liability to be at least $1,000 for the tax year 2022, after subtracting their withholding and tax credits. Special rules apply to some groups of taxpayers, such as farmers, fishermen, casualty and disaster victims, those who recently became disabled, recent retirees, and those who receive income unevenly during the year.
To compute estimated tax, individuals must determine their expected Adjusted Gross Income (AGI), taxable income, taxes, deductions, and credits for the year. While calculating their 2022 estimated tax, it is helpful for taxpayers to use their income, deductions, and credits for 2021 as a starting point. Taxpayers can avoid underpayment penalties by making payments of at least 90% of the tax expected on their 2022 income tax return, or by making payments of at least 100% of the tax shown on their 2021 income tax return. The IRS may waive such penalties for underpayment due to unusual circumstances, but not willful neglect.
Additional information regarding individuals that need to make Federal and Wisconsin estimated tax payments and how to make such payments can be found here. For questions or further information relating to estimated tax payments, please contact Attorney Britany E. Morrison.